Of course, English language learners, particularly newcomers, must practice Tier One vocabulary daily, and I have written about how to do this in previous Learning Network posts. For instance, the Picture Word Inductive Model is one of my favorite strategies, and I explain how to apply it here. There is simply more bang for your teaching buck: Learning these words will make more texts accessible to your students.
To start, you can find many lists of such words online, from this one by the Smarter Balanced test consortium to this one from Flocabulary to this one collected by the author Jim Burke. Steps For Teaching Academic Vocabulary. Here are how I modify the steps:.
First, I pronounce the word, and usually write it on the board or overhead as well. However, it is a crucial step for E.
Then, I describe the word using various examples, sometimes with an image, sometimes using it in different sentences, or, often, both. Next, students actively process the word through writing their own definitions in English or in a home language and drawing their own images.
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They can use an online dictionary for ideas, but need to be reminded not to copy a definition word-for-word. Of course, this takes teacher modeling and student practice.
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I also encourage students to use the word in an original sentence. Here is a sample activity sheet PDF so students can follow this sequence. I try to complete these first three steps on the same day that new vocabulary is introduced. I then take on the last three activities — reinforcing exercises , student discussions and games — over the next several days and beyond. Some researchers suggest eight to 10 times in different contexts will do the trick.
Tools to Surface Words and Word Patterns. Word Sift is also a tool specifically designed to help teachers, especially those with E. Teachers might try putting the text of a Times article into the tool to quickly surface words to teach. You can use the functions to sort the words alphabetically, by how common or rare they are, and by their appearance on various word lists, including an Academic Word List. How did they make those guesses? Teacher-Created Word Charts.
A Word Chart is a simple graphic organizer used to pre-teach the key vocabulary words that students will encounter in a text or genre. The teacher identifies 10 or so key words and either provides a copy of a Word Chart graphic organizer with the words already printed or with blank spaces for students to write them. Here, for example, is the Word Chart I used with my E. Using some of the steps I outlined in the Marzano method above along with this activity sheet , you can pronounce two or three words at a time and then give students several minutes to access any prior knowledge and look up the meanings online.
Students can then write the definition in their home language and in English in their own words, of course, not copied from the dictionary. Next, students share with a partner and make any needed revisions. Finally, the entire class reviews those words with the teacher calling on students to share what they wrote and drew. That process is then repeated until all the words are reviewed. This all culminates, of course, in the class reading the text — everyone together, in pairs, or individually. You may choose to ask students to circle the targeted words as they go.
For homework, you might divide up the words and ask each student to make a small poster for one of them that you can tape onto an Interactive Word Wall. Student-Created Word Charts.
Students can also create their own versions of Word Charts when reading a text and then identify and define words that are new to them. To make it more accessible to them, I modified it in various ways.
Building Vocabulary for College
Here is my version of the article , and, at the end of the document, a list of the changes I made and why I made them. Next, students read the article on their own, completing portions of the chart as they went. They took a break every seven minutes or so to teach their classmates what they learned and share summaries of each paragraph. Students can also keep track of their progress. This tool is a hit with teachers and students because it is a multi-sensory approach to teaching vocabulary.
With videos, definitions, games, quizzes, and more, this interactive website is an enjoyable teaching tool. Plus, teachers can create word lists for their students. It is a game where the student must earn points by answering vocabulary questions to move up levels. It also makes creating relevant vocabulary lessons easy for teachers with its learning activity feature. This online educational tool is helpful in the classroom because it does a little bit of everything — definitions, pronunciations, synonyms, antonyms, rhyming words, and more.
It also gives examples of the word in different contexts. The Edvocate. Top Menu. Request a Product Review. Spread the love.
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